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【案例分析】关于IMSBC 适装证书的问题

时间:2018/4/27 10:28:30 点击:

  内容提示:一艘船因为没有IMSBC证书被滞留,由此引发的PSC复议,对于散货船是否需要携带IMSBC证书引起了争议。...
1、PSC检查情况
A 2004 built general cargo ship was detained due to the following deficiency:
一艘 2004年建造的杂货船,因为以下缺陷被滞留:
01199 Other (certificates) -TYPE OF SHIP GENERAL CARGO BUT CARGO LOADING ON BOARD BULK CARGO, SHIP DOES NOT HAVE IMSBC CERTIFICATE (Reference: SOLAS ch. I, IMSBC CODE)
Upon receipt of the letter below from the RO, the ship was released. 
PSCO在接到 RO发来的下述信息后,将船舶释放。
【案例分析】关于IMSBC 适装证书的问题

2、复议方观点
However, the RO expressed disagreement on the detention with the view that: 
RO对不同意此次滞留,理由如下: 
(1)As  provided  in  the  Preshipment  Analysis Certificate that  the  cargo is  “non-hazardous”, thus the ship is not required to have a  certificate  for  carriage  of dangerous goods.
根据船舶的 Preshipment Analysis Certificate,船舶没有装危险货物,因此船舶不需要具备危险货物证书。 
【案例分析】关于IMSBC 适装证书的问题

(2)Although IMSBC Code is mandatory under SOLAS Convention for ship carrying solid bulk cargo, but there is no requirement that the ship must have an IMSBC certificate or an IMSBC document of compliance. The IMSBC certificate/ document of compliance is not listed in the Annex 1 -Certificates and documents required to be carried on board ships of SOLAS Convention as well as FAL.2/Circ.127-MEPC.1/Circ.817-MSC.1/Circ.1462 with regard to the List of certificates and documents required to be carried on board ships, 2013. 
对于散货船而言,由于 IMSBC CODE被 SOLAS公约引用而具备了强制性,但是规则内并没要求船舶必须配备 IMSBC证书或符合声明。根据 SOLAS公约 Annex 1及 FAL.2/Circ.127-MEPC.1/Circ.817-MSC.1/Circ.1462的要求,船舶并不要求携带 IMSBC证书。

(3)There is also no specific requirement for issuance of IMSBC certificate/document of compliance within the national legislation. Therefore, the issuance of IMSBC certificate/document of compliance to the national flagged ships carrying solid bulk cargoes is not mandatory.
同时国际公约中没有强制签署 IMSBC证书的条款,签发该证书不是强制的。 

3、港口国的观点
(1)The ship would load the Palm Kernel Expeller as the cargo, which is listed in the IMSBC Code. Ship’s type is general cargo but the ship did not have any documents that the ship comply for carrying the cargo, such as Document of Compliance for IMSBC Code or other relevant document of compliance for carrying solid bulk cargo.
该轮装载的是棕榈油渣,该类货物属于 IMSBC规则监管的范围。船舶的类型为 general cargo ship,但是船舶没有提供证明具备装载 solid bulk cargo能力的证书或文书。

(2)The ship master couldn’t explain the situation but the cargo loading had been started without cargo information for ship’s master. Therefore, the ship was detained.
船长不能解释这种状况,在没有向船长提供货物信息的情况下装载货物。因此船舶被滞留。

(3)The Preshipment Analysis Certificate is of no use as the issuing company is not recognized/approved by its Authority. And it is not a matter that the cargo is hazardous or not butthe vessel should have the document of compliance for carriage of the solid bulk cargo.
Preshipment Analysis Certificate是公司签发的,没有被主管机关认可,因此是无效的。本案例不是货物危险货不危险的问题,而是船舶在装载 solid bulk cargo时应签发相应证书的问题。

Therefore the detention was justified.
因此滞留合理。

4、相关参考材料
【案例分析】关于IMSBC 适装证书的问题
【案例分析】关于IMSBC 适装证书的问题
【案例分析】关于IMSBC 适装证书的问题
5、东京备忘录研讨结论
(1)There is NO IMSBC certificate. The deficiency is not appropriately addressed. It would be appropriate to use deficiency code 01316-Cargo information instead of 01199-other(certificates)
对于船舶不能提供 IMSBC证书的缺陷,应该使用缺陷代码 01316,而不是 01199 

(2)There is NO requirement from IMSBC code for carriage of “document of compliance”, except for dangerous goods.
除了危险货物, IMSBC code中没有要求携带符合证书的条款。 

(3)It is an issue that the master did not have necessary knowledge and information about the cargo being loaded.
这是一个船长没有足够的装货相关知识的问题。

(4)In accordance with IMSBC code, it is the responsibility of shipper to provide cargo information to the master. Therefore, whether the ”Preshipment analysis certificate” referred to in this case is recognized by the port state authority or not should not be a fault of the master or the vessel.
按照 IMSBC规则的要求,承运人有责任向船长提供货物信息。无论怎么讲本案例中的 preshipment analysis certificate 不应该认定为船长或船舶的缺陷。

Is it serious enough to detain the vessel for this case?
本案例中的缺陷真的严重到需要滞留该船舶么?
What is your view about this detention?
你对该滞留的观点是?

作者:不详 来源:China PSC

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