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船用柴油机常用专业英语表

时间:2017/12/22 10:15:54 点击:

  内容提示:本文总结了柴油机部件及操作中常用词汇,欢迎收藏...

本文总结了柴油机部件及操作中常用词汇,欢迎收藏

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二冲程船用柴油机     two stroke marine dieselengine

四冲程船用柴油机     four stroke marine dieselengine

高(中,低)速柴油机 high(medium,lower)speed engine

气缸                 cylinder

气缸盖               cylindercover(cylinder head)

苏尔寿发动机         Sulzer engine

B&W型发动机          Burmeister and Wain engine

哥塔维根型发动机     Gotaverken engine

曼恩型发动机         M.A.N.engine

V型发动机            V-type engine

直流扫气式发动机     uniflow scavenging typeengine

回流扫气式发动机     loop flow scavenging typeengine

横流扫气式发动机     crow-flow scavenging typeengine

十字头式发动机       crosshead engine

筒形活塞式发动机     trunk-ppiston engine

涡轮增压式发动机     turbocharge engine

固定部件             fixed parts

耐磨部件             wear parts

运动部件             moving parts

互换部件             interchangeableparts

气缸套               cylinder liner

示功阀               indicatorcock(indicator valve)

安全阀               safety valve

气缸启动阀           cylinder airstarting valve

缸套顶圈             head ring forcylinder liner

排气阀               exhaust valve

进气阀               air inletvalve(suction valve)

气阀传动机构         valve drivingmechanism

顶杆                 tapper rod

推杆                 push rod

摇臂                 rocker rod(rocking lever)

活塞                 pistion

十字头式活塞         crosshead typepistion

筒形活塞             trunk pistion

活塞头               pistioncrown(head)

活塞裙               pistion skirt

活塞体               pistion body

活塞销               pistion pin(gudgeon pin)

活塞环               pistion ring

气环(压缩环)       compression ring

刮油环               oil scraperring(oil ring,scraper  ring)

布油环               oildistributing ring

耐磨环               wear ring

活塞环槽             pistion ring groove

活塞冷却水管         pistion cooling pipe

往复管               reciprocatingpipe

伸缩管               telescope pipe

铰链管               articulatedpipe

活塞杆               pistion rod

活塞杆凸缘           pistion rod flange

活塞杆填料函         stuffing box forpistion rod

活塞杆填料箱         gland box for pistionrod.packing gland for pistion rod

填料函壳体           stuffing box casing

填料函张力弹簧       tension spring forstuffing box

填料函密封环         sealing ring forstuffing box

填料函刮油环         scraper ring forstuffing box

填料函压环           pressure ring for stuffing box

填料函压盖           stuffing box gland

十字头               cross head

十字头销             cross head pin

十字头销轴承         cross headbearing(cross head pin bearing)

十字头滑块           cross headshoe(guide shoe)

十字头导板           cross headguide(guide rail,guide way,guide plate)

连杆                 connectingrod

连杆小端轴承         connecting rod smallend bearing

连杆大端轴承         connecting rod largeend bearing;connecting rod bottom end bearing

曲柄销轴承           crankpin bearing

曲轴                 crank shaft

曲轴臂               crank arm             

曲轴销               crank pin

曲轴箱               crankcase

曲轴箱道门           crankcasedoor(crankcase manhole)

曲轴箱防爆门         crankcase explosiondoor

主轴承               main bearing(bed plate bearing)

倒挂式主轴承         main bearing of underslung type

轴承轴瓦上半块       bearing bush-upper half

轴承衬下半块         bearing shell-lowerhalf

主轴承撑杆螺栓       main bearing stay bolt

主轴颈               crank shaftjournal(main journal)

机座                 bed plate

底座横隔板           bed platetransverse member

机架                frame(column,entablature)

底角螺栓             holding down bolt(anchor bolt)

贯穿螺栓             through bolt (tierod,tie bolt)

贯穿螺栓护盖         protecting coveringfor tie rod

贯穿螺栓导套         guide bush for tierod  

推力轴               thrust shaft

推力轴承             thrust bearing

推力块               thrust pad

盘车机               turning gear

废气涡轮增压器       exhaust gas turbocharge(turbo-blower)

增压系统             super chargingsystem

机械增压             mechanicalsupercharging

单(复)式增压系统   single(complex)type supercharging system

二级增压             two-stagesupercharging

定压增压系统         constant pressurecharging system

脉冲增压系统         impulse pressurecharging system

变压增压             variable pressurecharging system

串联增压             super charging inseries syatem

并联增压             super charging inparallel system

直流扫气             unislowscavenging

回流扫气             loop scavenging

横流扫气             cross scavenging

气口扫气             port scavenging

气口-气阀扫气        port-valve scavenging

扫气口               scavenging port

排气口               exhaust port

排气总管             exhaust manifold

排气管               exhaust pipe

上止点               top deadcenter(TDC)

下止点               bottom deadcenter(BDC)

燃烧室               combustionchamber

吸气行程             inlet(suction)atroke

压缩行程             compressionstroke

做功行程             power (working)stroke

排气行程             exhaust stroke

定时图               timing diagram

指示功               indicated power

轴功                 shaft power

示功图               indicator power

控制系统             control system

启动控制装置         control devic forstarting

起动装置             starting devic

主起动阀             main startingvalve

空气压缩机           air compressor

空气瓶               air bottle(aircontainer,air cylinder,air reservoir)

起动手柄             startinglever(starting handle)

起动空气控制阀       starting air controlvalve

起动空气导阀         starting air pilotvalve

起动阀               starting valve

分级活塞             stepped pistion

起动阀连锁装置       starting valve blockingdevice

起动凸轮             starting cam

起动空气管           starting air pipe

单凸轮换向装置       single cam reversingdevice

双凸轮换向装置       double cam reversingdevice

正车凸轮             ahead cam

正车油缸             ahead oilcylinder (ahead oil bottle)

自动停车装置         automatic cut-outdevice

空气分配器凸轮       air distributor cam

转向指示器           running directionindicator

换向杆               reversing lever

换向控制杆           reversing controllever

排气凸轮             exhaust cam

喷油凸轮             fuel cam

主起动阀手轮         hand wheel forstarting valve

飞轮                flywheel;turning wheel

调速器               goernor

调速装置             control devicefor running the engine

极限调速装置         maximum-speed governorgear

定速调速装置         constant-speedgovernor gear

全制式调速装置       variable-speed governorgear

机械调速器           mechanical governor

液压调速器           hydraulic governor

车钟                 telegraph

凸轮传动机构         camshaft transmissiongear

链条传动             chaintransmission(chain drive)

齿轮传动             gear tansmission

链轮                 sprocket(sprocket wheel)

惰轮                 idle wheel

备车                 stand byengine

完车                 finish engine

停车                 stop engine

微速前进(后退)     dead slow ahead (astern)

前进(后退)一       slow ahead (astern)

前进(后退)二       half ahead (astern)

前进(后退)三       full ahead (astern)

紧急前进(后退)三   emergency fullahead(astern)

起动                 start

倒车                 reverse

空气分配器           air distributor

气缸注油器           cylinder lubricator


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